A Comparative Analysis of the Implementation of 'Consensus Democracy' in China and Switzerland


  • Gao Shaohan China Foreign Affairs University




Consensus democratic theory, Swiss democracy, Multi-party Cooperation, Political Consultation System, Communist Party , China


The Consensus Democracy Theory, put forward by Lijphart, emphasizes the construction of a multi-consensus democracy. Switzerland is a typical country putting consensus democracy theory into practice. Its consensus democracy belief is rooted in its historical development and domestic political practice, and has become a typical case of practice and research. China also has the soil of consensus democratic theory, that is, the exploration and practice of the fundamental political system of multiparty cooperation and political consultation under the leadership of the Communist Party of China. As one of the three basic political systems in China, the practice of Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) system has prominent significance for the development of socialism with Chinese characteristics. Swiss democracy shares similarities with CPPCC because of the same theoretical model between China and Switzerland. On the other hand, differences exist resulting from different social systems and historical development. Exploring the similarities and differences is of positive significance for the further development of socialist democratic politics with Chinese characteristics in the new era.

Author Biography

Gao Shaohan, China Foreign Affairs University

Gao Shaohan is a researcher at the Department of Foreign Affairs, China Foreign Affairs University, based in Beijing, China.




How to Cite

Shaohan, G. (2023). A Comparative Analysis of the Implementation of ’Consensus Democracy’ in China and Switzerland. Journal of Peace and Diplomacy, 4(1), 116–126. https://doi.org/10.59111/JPD.004.01.044